2018 Global Slavery Index

2018 Global Slavery Index

In 2016, 40.3 million people — 71 percent of them women — including a much higher number in developed nations than previously estimated, were living in some form of slavery, a report from the Walk Free Foundation finds. According to the 2018 Global Slavery Index (276 pages, PDF), more than 45 million people in seventy-nine countries found themselves in forced labor (24.9 million) or forced marriage (15.4 million) arrangements, with such arrangements most common in North Korea, Eritrea, Burundi, the Central African Republic, Afghanistan, Mauritania, South Sudan, Cambodia, and Iran. Changes in the report's methodology also resulted in higher numbers for more developed countries such as the United States (1.3 victims per 1,000), Australia (0.6), the United Kingdom (2.1), France (2.0), Germany (2.0), the Netherlands (1.8), and several other European nations, although many of these countries were the most active in taking action to address the problem. Among its recommendations, the report calls on G20 countries to stop sourcing goods and services from countries where forced labor arrangements are common.