2018 U.S. Energy and Employment Report

2018 U.S. Energy and Employment Report

The U.S. energy sector employed 6.56 million people in 2017, with the largest number, some 2.25 million people, employed in the energy efficiency subsector, a report from the Energy Futures Initiative and the National Association of State Energy Officials finds. Funded in part by the Barr Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies, and the Nathan Cummings Foundation, the report, 2018 U.S. Energy and Employment Report (100 pages, PDF), found that the energy efficiency segment of the sector is growing rapidly, adding 67,000 net jobs in 2017, while the electric power generation and fuels segment directly employed more than 1.9 million workers in 2017 — up 15,000 jobs from 2016 — with 55 percent, or 1.1 million, of those workers employed in the traditional coal, oil, and gas industry and nearly 800,000 workers employed in low-carbon emission generation technologies, including renewables, nuclear, and advanced/low-emission natural gas. The report also found that natural gas, wind, and combined heat and power employment increased in 2017, while solar employment fell 6 percent, or some 24,000 jobs. According to the report, the industry faces a number of workplace diversity challenges, with women and people of color underrepresented across energy industry segments relative to the U.S. economy as a whole, highlighting the need for placement, training, and industry-specific HR initiatives focused on diversity and access.