The number of internally displaced people reached a record 50.8 million in 2019, a report from the Geneva-based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre of the Norwegian Refugee Council finds. Global Report on Internal Displacement 2020 (136 pages, PDF) estimates that 45.7 million people in 2019 were displaced as a result of conflict and violence — the majority in Syria, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Yemen, and Afghanistan — and 5.1 million as a result of natural disasters. The report also estimates that 33.4 million people were newly displaced in 2019, the highest annual total since 2012 — with some 8.5 million people fleeing conflict and violence in countries such as Syria, the DRC, Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Burkina Faso, while nearly 25 million were displaced by natural disasters, including Cyclone Fani in India and Bangladesh, Cyclones Idai and Kenneth in Mozambique, and Hurricane Dorian in the Bahamas. The report's authors note that strengthened capacity across the humanitarian and development sectors resulted in better coordination and increased investment in 2019, and that improvements in the quantity and quality of data led to better reporting and analysis.
(Photo credit: IFRCI/Corrie Butler)