Global Trends: Forced Displacement 2018

Global Trends: Forced Displacement 2018

As of December 2018, a record 70.8 million people were displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, violence, or human rights violations, including 25.9 million refugees, 41.3 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), and 3.5 million asylum seekers, a report from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees finds. According to the report, Global Trends: Forced Displacement 2018 (HTML or PDF, pages), 13.6 million people were newly displaced during 2018 — the equivalent of an average of 37,000 people being forced to flee their homes every day — of whom 10.8 million were IDPs and 2.8 million were refugees and asylulm seekers. More than two-thirds (67 percent) of all refugees globally were from just five countries: Syria (6.7 million), Afghanistan (2.7 million), South Sudan (2.3 million), Myanmar (1.1 million), and Somalia (0.9 million), while about half of the refugee population globally were children under the age of 18, including 111,000 who were reported to be unaccompanied or separated from their families. The report also found that for the fifth consecutive year, Turkey hosted the largest number of refugees (3.7 million), followed by Pakistan (1.4 million), Uganda (1.2 million), and Sudan and Germany (1.1 million each). And while 2.9 million people returned to their country of origin over the course of the year, including 2.3 million IDPs and nearly 600,000 refugees, the number of refugees returning their country of origin has not kept pace with new displacements.