People in Prison in 2018

People in Prison in 2018

At the end of 2018, there were an estimated 1,471,200 people in state and federal prisons, down 1.3 percent from year-end 2017 — including 1,291,000 people under state prison jurisdiction and 179,900 in the federal prison system, down 1.3 percent and 1.7 percent, respectively — a data brief from the Vera Institute of Justice finds. Funded by Arnold Ventures, the brief, People in Prison in 2018 (10 pages, PDF), the U.S. prison incarceration rate fell 1.8 percent, to 450 per 100,000 residents, from 458 per 100,000, with the federal prison system and thirty-one states seeing declines in their prison population. The report notes, however, that while prison populations fell more than 5 percent in seven states — including those with large prison populations such as Missouri, South Carolina, New York, and North Carolina — mass incarceration is still on the rise in others, including Indiana, Texas, and Wyoming.

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