As part of a five-year, multi-million-dollar initiative designed to strengthen financial and policy support for American arts and culture, the Pew Charitable Trusts commissioned RAND, the Santa Monica-based think tank, to examine the state of the performing arts in the United States. The result, The Performing Arts in a New Era (156 pages, PDF), sythesizes available data on theater, opera, dance, and music, with a focus on signs of change in artists, arts organizations, financing, and audiences for the arts, and concludes that the performing arts ecosystem in this country is undergoing a fundamental shift toward greater concentration globally, especially within the commercial recorded and broadcast industries, and more diversity at the local level. The potential loser in all this? Midsize nonprofit organizations, which increasingly find it difficult to attract enough of an audience to cover their costs. The complete report is available for downloading at both the Pew and RAND Web sites.