The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States

The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States

A report from Polaris identifies twenty-five types of human trafficking in the United States — each characterized by its own "business" model, recruitment strategies, and methods of control. Based on an analysis of more than thirty-two thousand cases of labor and sex trafficking cases documented between December 2007 and December 2016, The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States (80 pages, PDF) looks at activities ranging from escort services and domestic work to labor exploitation in the manufacturing, agriculture, restaurant and food, hotel and hospitality, arts and entertainment, health care, and beauty industries. For each of the twenty-five categories it presents, the report includes numbers of reported human trafficking and labor exploitation cases and profiles of the typical victim and trafficker. The report and accompanying typology are intended to enhance stakeholders' understanding of the scope and forms of human trafficking, enabling cross-disciplinary collaboration and smarter investments aimed at preventing trafficking.