The five winners of the 2016 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences, each of whom will receive a cash award of $3 million, are Edward S. Boyden (Massachusetts of Technology), Karl Deisseroth (Stanford University, Howard Hughes Medical Institute), John Hardy (University College, London), Helen Hobbs (University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, HHMI), and Svante Pääbo (Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology). The 2016 Breakthrough Prize in Mathematics, which includes a cash award of $3 million, was awarded to Ian Agol (University of California at Berkeley and the Institute for Advanced Study). In addition, New Horizons in Mathematics Prizes, which includes a cash award of $100,000 were awarded to Larry Guth of MIT and André Arroja Neves of Imperial College London.
The 2016 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics, which includes a cash award of $3 million, will be shared by five teams comprising more than thirteen hundred individual physicists for experiments that investigated neutrino oscillation. The prize recipients include researchers at Daya Bay in China, KamLAND in Japan, K2K/T2K in Japan, the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory in Canada, and the Super-Kamiokande in Japan; members of all five teams will share in the recognition and receive an equal share of the cash award.
In addition, New Horizons in Physics Prizes that include a cash prize of $100,000 were awarded to B. Andrei Bernevig of Princeton University, Liang Fu of MIT, and Xiao-Liang Qi of Stanford University; Raphael Flauger of the University of Texas at Austin and Leonardo Senatore of Stanford; and Yuji Tachikawa of the University of Tokyo.
The foundation also announced the winners of its inaugural Breakthrough Junior Challenge, a competition that invites young people between the ages of 13 and 18 to create short videos that communicate big ideas in the life sciences, physics, and math. Ryan Chester, an 18-year-old from North Royalton, Ohio, will receive a $250,000 scholarship for his video depiction of Einstein’s theory of special relativity. His teacher, Richard Nestoff, will receive $50,000, and his school, North Royalton High School, will receive a state-of-the art science lab valued at $100,000.
Founded by Sergey Brin and Anne Wojcicki, Jack Ma and Cathy Zhang, Yuri and Julia Milner, and Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan, the Breakthrough Prizes are funded by Mark Zuckerberg's fund at the Silicon Valley Community Foundation and the Brin Wojcicki, Jack Ma, and Milner foundations.
"By challenging conventional thinking and expanding knowledge over the long term, scientists can solve the biggest problems of our time," said Zuckerberg. "The Breakthrough Prize honors achievements in science and math so we can encourage more pioneering research and celebrate scientists as the heroes they truly are."