The Kavli Foundation in Santa Barbara, California, has announced the inaugural recipients of the Kavli Prizes in nanoscience, neuroscience, and astrophysics.
Seven pioneering scientists from the United Kingdom, Sweden, the Netherlands, Japan, and the United States were honored for research that has significantly advanced the understanding of the unusual properties of matter on an ultra-small scale, the basic circuitry of the human brain, and the nature of quasars and will receive a share of the $1 million prize for each subject.
Made possible by a partnership of the foundation, the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, and the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, the biannual prizes are intended to complement the Nobel Prizes, which since 1901 have been given for achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace.
The Kavli Prize is named after and funded by the Norwegian-born entrepreneur and philanthropist Fred Kavli, who founded the Kavlico Corporation, one of the world's largest suppliers of sensors for aeronautic, automotive, and industrial application, after he emigrated to the United States. "Through these prizes, we hope to honor, support, and bring recognition to scientists...whose work has profoundly advanced the frontiers of our knowledge," said Kavli. "We aim to do so while raising people's awareness of the benefits of fundamental science to their own everyday lives."
For more information about the 2008 Kavli Prize recipients and their institutions, visit the Kavli Foundation Web site.