The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation has announced Justice Richard Goldstone, former chief prosecutor of the United Nations international criminal tribunals for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia, as the winner of the 2009 MacArthur Award for International Justice.
As the first chief prosecutor for the tribunals, Goldstone helped shepherd the proceedings, the first of their kind since Nazi war criminals were tried at Nuremberg following World War II. In 1995, he filed charges of genocide and crimes against humanity against Bosnian Serb leaders Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic for their roles in the ethnic cleansing of Bosnian Muslims, the shelling of Sarajevo, and the sacking of mosques and Catholic churches in Bosnia. Prior to his appointment, Goldstone chaired the Commission of Inquiry Regarding Public Violence and Intimidation, more commonly known as "the Goldstone Commission," following the dismantling of the apartheid regime in his native South Africa.
As the second recipient of the award, Goldstone will receive $100,000 to further his work. In addition, at his recommendation, the foundation awarded grants of $100,000 each to the Institute for Historical Justice and Reconciliation, the International Bar Association, the International Center for Ethics, Justice, and Public Life at Brandeis University, the International Center for Transitional Justice, and Physicians for Human Rights.
"As chief prosecutor of the...tribunals for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia, Justice Goldstone displayed a mature, meticulous, and measured exercise of his mandate that reanimated the enterprise of international justice, bringing both a degree of resolution to victims and a new model for the prosecution of crimes against humanity," said MacArthur Foundation president Jonathan Fanton. "Insisting on the independence of the counsel and judges, a transparent establishment of the facts in each case, due-process protections for the accused, and the centrality of firsthand testimony from witnesses and surviving victims, he gave the tribunals moral authority and legal credibility."