The King Faisal Foundation in Riyadh has announced the winners of the 2013 King Faisal International Prize, which recognizes individuals and institutions for significant contributions to the body of knowledge belonging to humankind as well as exceptional achievements in humanitarian work.
Prizes were awarded in four categories this year. The foundation awarded its Prize for Service to Islam to Shaikh Rai'd Salah Mahagna for his leadership and humanitarian work in the occupied Palestinian territories as chairman of the Islamic Movement in Palestine between 1996 and 2001. The Prize for Arabic Language and Literature, which focused this year on individual and institutional efforts in creating Arabic dictionaries, was awarded to the Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo for its contributions over the past eighty years, including publication of a large collection of specialized dictionaries linking contemporary Arabic with its past.
Jeffrey Michael Friedman of Rockefeller University in New York and Douglas Leonard Coleman of the Jackson Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine, received the foundation's Prize in Medicine for their research into the genetics of obesity, specifically the identification and characterization of the leptin pathway. The Prize for Science, which this year was awarded in the field of physics, was awarded to Paul B. Corkum of the University of Ottawa and Ferenc Krausz of Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich for their pioneering work on the motion of electrons. No prize was awarded in the category of Islamic Studies, due to a lack of meritorious nominations. First awarded in 1979, the award includes a $200,000 cash prize.
"For over a third of a century, the King Faisal Foundation has recognized pioneers in science, academia, and humanitarian work," said Prince Khalid Al-Faisal, board chair of the King Faisal International Prize Committee. "This year's winners of the King Faisal International Prize have made extraordinary contributions in their fields and I offer them my warmest congratulations."