Forty-two thousand children in New York State — one in a thousand — lost a parent to the coronavirus pandemic between March and July 2020, a report from the United Hospital Fund and Boston Consulting Group finds. The report, COVID-19 Ripple Effect: The Impact of COVID-19 on Children in New York State (Part 1, 20 pages, PDF; Part 2, pages, PDF), found that 57 percent of parental deaths were concentrated in the New York City boroughs of the Bronx, Brooklyn, and Queens and that African-American (one in six hundred) and Latinx (one in seven hundred) children were twice as likely as Asian-American (one in fourteen hundred) and white (one in fifteen hundred) children. According to the report, the consequences of losing a parent or caregiver to COVID-19 are likely to be severe and long lasting, putting 23 percent of affected children at risk of entering the foster care system or the care of a relative and 50 percent at risk of falling into poverty. Indeed, a million children in the state have had at least one parent lose a job as a result of COVID-19, and three hundred and twenty-five thousand are now living in poverty or near-poverty (below 200 percent of the federal poverty level). The report's authors estimate that an additional $800 million in investments in housing, food, health insurance, and remote learning will be needed over the next year to support the basic needs of those experiencing childhood poverty, which is closely linked to poorer health and developmental outcomes.