State Abortion Policy Landscape: From Hostile to Supportive

State Abortion Policy Landscape: From Hostile to Supportive

As of August 2019, twenty-nine states had policies that were inimical to abortion rights, while fourteen had policies that were more supportive of such rights, a report from the Guttmacher Institute finds. Based on an analysis of six types of abortion restrictions (including an abortion ban, required waiting period, and restrictions on Medicaid coverage) and six types of policies that support abortion rights and access (including legal standards protecting access to abortion, a mandate that private health insurance plans cover abortion, and protection of access to clinics that perform abortions), the report, State Abortion Policy Landscape: From Hostile to Supportive, ranked each state from "very hostile" to "very supportive." According to the analysis, policies were deemed "very hostile" to abortion rights in six states (Arkansas, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and South Dakota); "hostile" in sixteen states; "lean hostile" in seven states; "middle ground" in seven states; "lean supportive" in nine states; "supportive" in four states (Hawaii, New York, Oregon, and Washington); and "very supportive" only in California. The numbers of "very hostile" and "hostile" states were up significantly compared with 2000, when no state was classified as "hostile" and only four were "hostile," and 2010, when no state was "very hostile" and ten were "hostile." At the same time, there were more "very supportive" and "supportive" states in 2019 than in 2000 and 2010, when no state had "very supportive" policies and only one state and two had "supportive" policies.